A folk device present in Wales during the eighteenth century, called the hompipe or pibgorn, was very corresponding to Greek and Middle Eastern cane single reed devices, but it was made from
bone or of elder
wood. Through the Middle Ages and up to the 17th century such single reed devices were played across Europe, but they were almost completely peasant or folk instruments. The modern clarinet seems to were originated by a Nuremberg device maker, Johann Cristoph Denner, sometime around 1690. Denner was a celebrated manufacturer of recorders, flutes, oboes, and bassoons. His early clarinets the word is a diminutive of the Italian word for trumpet, clarino looked much like recorders, made in three parts and with the addition of two keys to close the holes. A clarinet with a flared bell, just like the modern clarinet, may have been made by Denner's son. Parts scored for clarinet were soon present in the music of exceptional eighteenth century composers, adding Handel, Gluick, and Telemann. The early clarinets were usually made up of boxwood or on occasion plum or pear wood. Rarely, they were made from ivory, and a few used a mouthpiece of ebony. The design of the clarinet was more advantageous by the end of the eighteenth century. The two keys gave way to 5 or 6, giving the instrument more pitch control.