Though there are greater than a dozen various modern clarinet types, the most typical ones used in orchestras and bands are the B flat and A clarinets. The bass clarinet, which is way bigger than the ordinary and has an upwardly curved bell, also is commonly used in modern bands and orchestras. The usual clarinet consists of five parts—the mouthpiece
, the barrel or tuning socket, the upper or lefthand joint, lower or right hand joint, and the bell. A thin, flattened, specially shaped piece of cane called a reed needs to be inserted in the mouthpiece before the device can be played. Different notes are produced as the player
moves his arms over metal keys which open and shut air holes in the clarinet's body. An device similar to the clarinet—a cylindrical cane tube played with a cane reed—was in use in Egypt as early as 3000 b.