The name comes from Greek/Latin,where "Calumus" means pipe. The Chalumeau always was viewed a shepherd's device, that needed to be playedsolo. Unfortunately no Chalumeau has survived one assumes that it should have looked much like a recorderand sounded just like the lower octave of contemporary clarinet. It was problematical to play in tune. Therefore it was uninterestingfor most composers and important musicians, and was hardly applied in compositions other than some shepherd scenes. The problem arising contraptions corresponding to clarinets a bit like the Chalumeau becomes clear if you think about whathappens if you play an upward scale on an device just like the recorder: There are seven or eight tone holes for the lower octaveas you are becoming 10 palms and there is an octave hole. "Overblowing" or starting an octave hole makes woodwind contraptions sound exactly one octave higher than the note would sound with out a overblowing other than the clarinet, as I will show below. Using the same fingering one time with and one devoid of an overblowing hole makes the device sound in choice hights; during this contents you speak of lower and upper register. So you in reality need seven tone holes and an overblowing hole. Learning how to play higher registers on woodwinds like a recorder is hence rather simple, and it makes things easy for the device maker: The tone holes and their distances for the better octave are precisely an identical as for the lower octave. Now overblowing works on clarinets, too, however the effect is choice: The clarinet overblows not to the eighth tone on thescale an octave this is exactly double the frequency but to the twelfth tone.
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