Different notes are produced as the player moves his arms over metal keys which open and shut air holes in the clarinet's body. An device corresponding to the clarinet—a cylindrical cane tube played with a cane reed—was in use in Egypt as early as 3000 b. c. Instruments of this form were used around the Near East into modern times, and other clarinet prototypes were played in Spain, parts of Eastern Europe, and in Sardinia. A folk device present in Wales during the eighteenth century, called the hompipe or pibgorn, was very akin to Greek and Middle Eastern cane single reed units, but it was crafted from bone or of elder wood. Through the Middle Ages and up to the 17th century such single reed devices were played across Europe, but they were almost solely peasant or folk devices. The modern clarinet seems to were originated by a Nuremberg device maker, Johann Cristoph Denner, in the future around 1690. Denner was a celebrated manufacturer
of recorders, flutes, oboes, and bassoons. His early clarinets the word is a diminutive of the Italian word for trumpet, clarino looked very like recorders, made
in three parts and with the addition of two keys to near the holes. A clarinet with a flared bell, like the modern clarinet, could have been made by Denner's son. Parts scored for clarinet were soon existing in the music of superb eighteenth century composers, including Handel, Gluick, and Telemann.