A thin, flattened, in particular shaped piece of cane called a reed needs to be inserted in the mouthpiece before the tool can be played. Different notes are produced as the player moves his fingers over metal keys which open and close air holes in the clarinet's body. An tool similar to the clarinet—a cylindrical cane tube played with a cane reed—was in use in Egypt as early as 3000 B. C. Instruments of this kind were used around the Near East into modern times, and other clarinet prototypes were played in Spain, parts of Eastern Europe, and in Sardinia. A folk tool present in Wales throughout the eighteenth century, called the hompipe or pibgorn, was very akin to Greek and Middle Eastern cane single reed instruments, but it was made up of bone or of elder wood. Through the Middle Ages and up to the 17th century such single reed devices were played across Europe, but they were almost completely peasant or folk gadgets. The modern clarinet seems to have been originated by a Nuremberg tool maker, Johann Cristoph Denner, sometime around 1690. Denner was a celebrated brand of recorders, flutes, oboes, and bassoons. His early clarinets the word is a diminutive of the Italian word for trumpet, clarino looked much like recorders, made in three parts and with the addition of two keys to shut the holes. A clarinet with a flared bell, just like the modern clarinet, may have been made by Denner's son.