Instruments of this kind were used across the Near East into modern times, and other clarinet prototypes were played in Spain, parts of Eastern Europe, and in Sardinia. A folk tool present in Wales throughout the eighteenth century, called the hompipe or pibgorn, was very similar to Greek and Middle Eastern cane single reed instruments, but it was made up of bone or of elder wood. Through the Middle Ages and up to the seventeenth century such single reed instruments were played across Europe, but they were almost solely peasant or folk devices. The modern clarinet seems to have been originated by a Nuremberg instrument maker, Johann Cristoph Denner, someday around 1690. Denner was a celebrated company of recorders, flutes, oboes, and bassoons. His early clarinets the word is a diminutive of the Italian word for trumpet, clarino looked very like recorders, made in three parts and with the addition of two keys to close the holes. A clarinet with a flared bell, just like the modern clarinet, could have been made by Denner's son. Parts scored for clarinet were soon present in the music of fantastic eighteenth century composers, including Handel, Gluick, and Telemann. The early clarinets were usually made from boxwood or once in a while plum or pear wood. Rarely, they were made of ivory, and a few used a mouthpiece of ebony. The design of the clarinet was superior by the top of the eighteenth century.